at Hawker

I quickly discovered that the road only went to a pastoral station not Lake Torrens. There was no public access to Lake Torrens from the southern Flinders Ranges. Presumably, it was only possible via a camel trek.

So I spend the late afternoon wandering around the Hookina floodplain immersed in its long history and deep time. This Adnyamathanha land in the Flinders Ranges had been short-listed for a national nuclear waste dump circa 2015.  The proposed dump site was adjacent to the Yappala Indigenous Protected Area even though this is flood land.  The water comes from the hills and floods the plains, including the proposed dump site. Sometimes there are massive floods, the last one on 20 January 2006. The massive floods uproot huge trees:

Hookina Creek floodplain

The trees I was wandering amongst were uprooted by the 2006 flood. In 1956 a massive flood destroyed the Cotabena homestead and all the houses in the Hookina township. The pub, which was destroyed by the 1956 flood, is now a pile of rocks.

Long history refers to the Indigenous occupation uncovered by archaeological digs at Hawker Lagoon, which is about 6 km west of the township of Hawker in the Wilson Valley and is accessed over a saddle in the steep Yourambulla Range. The Yourambulla and Yappala Ranges run along the eastern and western sides of the Valley.which suggested that occupation commenced in the early Holocene. The Lagoon appears to have functioned as a refuge for Indigenous people who were forced to retreat from increasingly arid locales during the Last Glacial Maximum (25-16 thousand years BP)

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